Skin decolourization is a common issue faced by people these days. The occurrence of white spots on the face usually happens due to the lack of melanin pigment in the skin, which is responsible for our skin tone. While ageing is a major contributor, it can also be triggered by several other factors. If you find tiny white spots on your face, then you should certainly not overlook this problem.
What Are The White Spots On Face?
Melanin in the skin is the natural polymer which is equally present in the epidermis and is responsible for our skin tone. Though, when the melanocyte cells form a cluster or shrink, it leads to the formation of freckles and spots. It results in hypopigmentation, which forms white spots on the face and other parts of the skin. Sometimes, one can get white spots in summer after overexposure to direct sunlight. Getting white age spots on the face is another common occurrence.
Even if you have a perfect skin, chances are that small white spots on the face might appear out of the blue. One should not overlook the issue as it can start from tiny white spots and if left untreated, it can turn into visible and hard white spots on the face.
Causes Of White Spots On The Face?
White spots on the face can be of different types and might occur due to various reasons.
- Milia – Keratin is the main structural protein that forms the outer skin layer. When it gets trapped, white cysts form on the skin, which is called Milia. The white spots on the face from sun exposure are usually associated with the same issue. It can also be a side-effect of steroid use. Milia often occurs in children and young adults, but there are cases of babies being affected by it.
- Pityriasis Alba – This is the most common type of facial white spots for children. It has been estimated that around 5% of children globally suffer from this issue. It is associated with the decolourization of skin and the formation of powdery flakes. These small white spots can even cause irritation and itchiness. While the exact cause of Pityriasis Alba is unknown, exposure to the sunlight or bacteria can trigger it.
- Vitiligo – The loss of pigment from our skin results in Vitiligo. Vitiligo can also manifest on arms, hands, legs, and other body parts as well. It starts with the formation of hard white spots on the face and then spreads to other areas. Typically, vitiligo is related to hereditary and genetic causes.
Also Read: What Is The Best Treatment For Vitiligo?
- Tinea Versicolor – When the yeast present on our skin overgrows substantially, it leads to a condition termed Tinea Versicolor. It starts with a minute rash on the skin and later develops into a decolorized patch. Besides white spots on the face, it can also form red, pink, brown, and other coloured patches. The major reason for Tinea Versicolor is a humid climate or oily skin but is also linked to age-related white spots.
- Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis (Sun Spots) – When our skin is overly exposed to UV radiation from the sun, it can lead to the formation of sunspots. In its initial stage, flat sun spots develop eventually leading to the formation of white spots on the face. People with fair skin (read: less melanin content) are more likely to suffer from sun spots.
- Lichen Sclerosus – In Lichen Sclerosus, prominent white patches are formed on the genitals. When the patches expand, they can cause irritation and form an evident spot on the skin. While the condition mostly occurs in women during menopause, men and children also suffer from it. It is caused due to an immune system related issue or a hormonal imbalance.
- Eczema – Eczema is a common skin condition that causes red itchy spots on the surface layer of the skin. It forms dry and itchy patches, that often develop into white spots as well. The decolourization of the skin mostly occurs when the amount of melanin is higher than the required quantity. An inactive immune system, asthma, or an allergy can cause eczema.
Also Read: How To Treat Eczema?
How To Remove White Spots From Face?
There are a handful of treatments for facial white spots, and the following are the most recommended solutions.
- Topical Creams – If the white spots on the face are not progressive, they can be controlled by applying various topical creams. Depending on the severity of the issue, you may need to visit an experienced dermatologist and get a prescription strength version of the cream or even a customised mixture. Most creams have a bleaching agent that blends the infected area with the rest of the skin.
The two most popular topical creams that are used to treat hard white spots on face are Triluma and Hydroquinone. Besides that, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, and Retinoids are also used. If it is a yeast infection, consider opting for an anti-fungal cream. Speak to a doctor or dermatologists for more precise information.
- Prescription Medications – If the white spots are caused by a bacterial or fungal infection, then doctors may prescribe specific medication combined with another type of white spots treatment.When white spots are caused by eczema or any immune-related problem, then medicines like Azathioprine or Methotrexate are usually prescribed. Consult an experienced physician or dermatologist to get suitable prescription drugs.
- Dermabrasion – Dermabrasion is a highly popular technique to get rid of acne, pimples, and different kinds of scars on the skin. A diamond encrusted wheel or a wire brush with sharp edges is brushed on the upper layer of the skin. This procedure triggers the formation of new collagen.Although dermabrasion is mostly used to heal scars, it can also help in regaining skin tone. Collagen leads to the formation of healthy and evenly toned skin cells.
- Light Treatments – Intense Pulsed Light treatment is an effective procedure for white spots on the face, where light pulses at a high intensity are targeted on the epidermis (surface layer of skin). As the beam of light cause small (and painless) injuries to the skin, it triggers the immune system to start producing fresh collagen. This results in a healthy and evenly toned skin.Laser treatments are also a viable option. This is a non-invasive approach and only targets the dermis layer. It does not cause any major side-effects and will get rid of white spots efficiently.
To get the best white spots on face treatment, simply visit your nearest Oliva Skin and Hair Clinic. You will get dedicated assistance regarding your issues with white spots on the face.