Meet Our Dermatologists

Who Is A Dermatologist?

Dermatologists are responsible for diagnosing, preventing and treating conditions related to the skin, hair and nails. In addition, these also include concerns related to topical issues that include wrinkles, hair loss, scars, age spots and other signs of ageing. Some dermatologists are specialists in performing cosmetic procedures like facelifts, liposuction and blepharoplasty. Further, dermatologists also help in dealing and fighting with skin cancer and skin tumours, including other medical and skin conditions. Some cosmetics services offered by dermatologists are mole extractions, laser hair removal and other procedures treating both allergic and non-allergic reactions.

What Does A Dermatologist Do?

Right from treating harmless conditions like skin tan, ageing signs, and hair loss to handling something like skin cancer, it is a dermatologist’s responsibility to make an in-depth diagnosis and provide an accurate treatment. The job responsibilities of a dermatologist include –
  • Perform all the tasks in accordance with protocols and ethics of dermatology
  • Ensure all procedures and treatments are safe for the clients
  • Adhere to the rules while performing all tasks
  • Keep the desired end results of beauty and satisfaction of clients in mind while performing all their tasks.
  • Only perform in areas they specialize in and with relevant licenses and certifications.
  • Keep themselves updated with the latest trends in dermatology
  • Research and participate in seminars and conferences related to dermatology
  • Maintain cleanliness and hygiene at all times
  • Be professional and show care for each and every client
  • Ensure the procedures are as comfortable and painless as possible.

Approach To Dermatologic Diagnosis

  • Clinical examination of whether or not the patient appears ill
  • Detailed physical examination of skin, nails, hair and membranes
  • Check the lesion or skin deformity, including its type, shape, arrangement and distribution.
  • Check the location, consistency, feel, and colour of the skin anomaly and the anatomic components of the skin.
  • General examination related to medical history, a trail of the skin deformity, illness, symptoms and other signs related to the condition
  • Review and analyse the clinical situation and its connection between cutaneous conditions also the underlying diseases of the organ system
  • Record the medication and social history
  • Laboratory studies include-
    1. Dermatoscopy
    2. Using a hand lens to magnify and diagnose specific features
    3. Biopsy
    4. Bacterial and fungal culture tests
    5. Swab test
    6. Tzanck smear test, also known as the chickenpox skin test
    7. Patch test
  • General tests including blood, urinalysis, imaging studies, etc.
  • Final diagnosis including all/ any of the above

Comparison Between Dermatologists, Skin Specialists And Skin Care Specialists

  • Both dermatologist and skin specialist means the same while dermatologist is the scientific term, and skin specialist is used more in popular culture. Both terms refer to doctors specialising in disorders related to the skin, hair, and nails.
  • A dermatologist is a doctor trained and specialized in diseases of the skin. While skincare specialists are professionals who provide beauty treatments and may or may not be certified and trained. Dermatologists look into the diseases and problems of the skin while the skincare specialists just proceed with routine parlour treatments enhancing the beauty of skin, hair and nails without evaluating the underlying root cause of the skin ailment.

Dermatology Concerns

Common dermatologic concerns addressed by skin doctors or dermatologists include acne, bumps, pigmentation, discolouration, eczema, dermatitis, rashes, scaly skin, erythema, alopecia, skin cancer, photodermatoses, psoriasis, rosacea, shingles, warts, etc. A dermatologist treats all the skin, nail and hair related disorders with precision. With medical procedures, tools, and techniques, a dermatologist can identify and evaluate the skin ailment, determine a course of treatment, and help cure and prevent them from spreading. They can also proceed with aesthetic procedures to treat the skin lesions, pigmentation, outgrowths and other anomalies on the skin, with sterile precautions and efficacy.

Common Procedures Done By A Dermatologist

  • Biopsy – In a skin biopsy, a small cylindrical tissue from the body is taken for a close examination, usually to diagnose a lesion, tumour, rashes or a mass
  • Chemical peels – They are cosmetic procedures that help in improving the tone and texture of the skin by using a set of chemicals in a controlled way. Plant-based extracts are used to administer this exfoliation of the skin, which helps in removing the upper deformed layer of the skin. Thus giving new and rejuvenated skin from beneath.
  • Cosmetic injections – They help in getting rid of wrinkles and other signs of ageing by increasing the production of elastin and collagen
  • Cryotherapy – It is a safe procedure that is useful in treating localized nerve irritation by implementing a method to freeze the affected nerves
  • Dermabrasion – It is a process of scraping the skin layer by layer to diminish the appearance of scars, pigmented patches, wrinkles, and pre-cancerous lesions
  • Excision of lesions – It is a simple procedure which involves removing moles, lesions and tumours from your skin
  • The hair removal and restoration process involves using a laser with an intense beam of light energy targeted to your hair follicles to prevent them from instigating further hair growth (without damaging surrounding tissues). Laser toning and laser hair reduction are extremely common procedures done by a dermatologist.
  • Laser therapies are done using focused light from a laser to treat tumours, polyps or precancerous growths, and hair loss resulting from alopecia or ageing.
  • Laser surgery utilizes the energy contained in a laser beam to cut into the affected skin tissue and eliminate the altered skin. This is usually performed on skin cancer patients.
  • Mohs surgery – It is a micrographic surgery that is considered most effective in treating basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), which are the two most common types of skin cancer
  • When combined with ultraviolet A (PUVA), Psoralen is ultraviolet light therapy, and its spectrum lies between 320 and 400 nm. It is used to treat eczema, psoriasis, graft-versus-host disease, vitiligo, mycosis fungoides, large plaque parapsoriasis and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
  • Skin grafts and flaps involve reconstructive surgery wherein any tissue is taken from donors and moved to replace the recipient’s affected tissues. A skin graft is when a piece of healthy skin is taken from one part of your body to repair damaged skin somewhere else on your body. It includes detaching a part of healthy skin and tissue to cover a nearby wound. A skin flap may contain skin and fat, fat, and muscle.
  • Tumescent liposuction is a procedure for body sculpting and contouring for people who want to tone up their bodies. In this procedure, a fluid that contains anaesthetic and adrenaline is injected into the skin tissues, which temporarily shrinks capillaries such that the hardened fat is then removed.
  • Vein therapy – It is used for treating varicose veins. They are not only unsightly but also very painful too. And the goal of this treatment is to relieve the symptoms and improve the skin’s appearance. Although this treatment can help with existing varicose veins, it cannot help in preventing new varicose veins from forming.

Types Of Dermatologists

Dermatologists specialize in various fields and get expertise in related areas. These sub-specialities in dermatology must be done by a doctor post their residency. 1- Cosmetic dermatologists are medical doctors trained to assess and treat skin conditions cosmetically. They handle most of the day-to-day conditions such as tan, skin damage and acne. They are specialists in performing the following procedures – collagen injections, chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser surgery, and liposuction. 2- Dermatopathologists – It includes both dermatology and pathology aspects of medicine. They are highly skilled doctors who are trained in performing microscopic observations on your skin tissues to provide definitive diagnosis and treatment. 3- Immunodermatologist – They possess comprehensive knowledge of relatability between the immune system and the skin, which helps them in treating microbial skin diseases such as retrovirus infections and leprosy, inflammatory diseases such as hidradenitis suppurativa, allergic contact dermatitis and lastly, autoimmune skin diseases such as vitiligo and psoriasis 4- Paediatric Dermatologists – They are trained in treating skin issues of children, as they respond differently to treatments when compared to adults and require special attention. Moreover, they specialize in helping children who suffer from skin disorders that are hereditary in nature. 5- Trichologist – They are a kind of dermatologist trained in areas of scalp and hair. All matters pertaining to scalp health, hair loss, hair thinning and the diseases therein are treated by them successfully.

Reasons To See A Dermatologist

Wondering when to see a dermatologist? As a rule of thumb, for any skin deformity that does not subside in the initial few days and may cause other reactions, visit your dermatologist immediately before the condition gets severe and leaves a permanent mark behind. Some common reasons to see a dermatologist include –
  • Ezcema and itchiness on the skin, which does not fade – Eczema is a group of skin conditions which have similar reactions like redness, inflammation, itchy skin and even blistering.
  • Premature signs of ageing – Appearance of dark circles, fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, loss of glow and prominent dullness of skin which may be due to medical or lifestyle causes.
  • Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes patches of abnormal skin that are red, itchy, and scaly.
  • Hair thinning and hair loss – Alopecia and hair thinning can be due to a number of reasons and occur in diverse forms like patches, scarring, pattern baldness or even complete baldness.
  • Acne and acne scars – Occurrence of papules, pustules, whiteheads, blackheads, and cystic nodules also leave scars, which may become permanent if untreated.
  • Rosacea – Persistent redness of the central part of your face along with small, red and pus-filled bumps, also visible blood vessels through the skin
  • Varicose and spider veins – Both arise due to abnormal blood vessels and are visible on the legs and face
  • Poison ivy, oak, and sumac are plants to which human beings develop allergic responses like rash, bumps, blisters, and weeping fluids.
  • Ringworm – It is a contagious fungal infection of the skin and scalp. It makes the skin scaly, red and itchy.
  • Infection on skin – Viral, fungal, bacterial and other infections on the skin are common. They may develop rashes, bumps, blisters, etc.
  • Cold sores – Small, fluid-filled and painful blisters which appear on lips, mouth and nose that are caused by a virus
  • Nail deformities – Uneven and deformed nails can also be a cause of concern to visiting a dermatologist. Common symptoms include discolouration, swelling, bleeding, change in appearance, pain and separating nails from fingers.
  • Skin lesions – Abnormal growth on the skin is called a lesion
  • Excessive sweating – It can be due to underlying factors like medication, health, genetics and lifestyle choices
  • Warts, moles, milia and skin tags – Clusters of pigmented cells on the skin can result in these growths. They may be black, brown or light in colour and are prominent on the skin.

How Much Does It Cost To See A Dermatologist?

An initial consultation with the dermatologist would cost between Rs. 400-500 depending upon their experience and expertise and also the skin clinic. Do not get carried away by lower prices. In the end, it is your skin, and you must make a wise choice.

Facts On Dermatologists

  • Dermatologists are just like usual doctors, and they perform routine medical procedures like surgery and excisions on the skin for selected deformities.
  • They deal with skin, hair and nail deformities
  • They treat over 3000 skin conditions
  • They are licensed to practice medicine
  • The practice of dermatology requires in-depth clinical knowledge

7 Tips To Choose A Good Dermatologist 

Finding a local dermatologist with the right skills and experience relevant to your needs can be an extremely intimidating task for many reasons, including the scepticism on our part to be unwilling to trust fully. This lack of trust comes from the power a dermatologist has on us to drastically improve our condition and the power to scar us in many ways due to negligence and plain incompetence. Additionally, in case of complications, a good dermatologist will always make the right call, which will be in your best interest. Well, these tips will come in handy and help you find the best cosmetic dermatologist nearby –
  • Before you go and find the dermatologist near you, figure out the type of dermatologist suitable for the specific concern. For instance, if you are looking to seek help for ageing issues, then look for a cosmetic dermatologist. For minor skin conditions, you can refer to a general medical dermatologist.
  • In order to find a good dermatologist, you must know the credentials of the person. It is important to check the profile and other details mentioned on their website or in-person from the relevant clinic. Also, make sure that they are registered with the Medical Council of India.
  • Once you decide on the dermatologist, it is time to go for a consultation to get better acquainted with the doctor. You can ask relevant questions and ask about their experience. Also, if you observe a long queue, take it as a positive sign that the doctor is good at his job and is in demand.
  • You can also ask for referrals from friends or colleagues who have visited the dermatologist before. Their personal experience will give you enough information about the nature of treatment and subsequent results post-treatment.
  • It is important to ask the right questions about your concern to the dermatologist without hesitation. If he/she is willing to provide information, then you can further ask about the credentials of the technician getting involved in the treatment procedures.
  • Analyze if the dermatologist is genuinely interested in helping you, or if he just wants to rush you into buying a product.
  • If the dermatologist is attentive and adept at his profession, he will help you in understanding your concern and give you a clear explanation of the treatment plan or any information that you might need.
It is important for people to understand the criticality of their skin and hair conditions. We often tend to take them lightly and use home remedies and other methods to improve these conditions. Although these may help us to some extent, we are ignorant of understanding the underlying issues causing these conditions. Additionally, we are not aware of their gravity, which is why it is important to consult a dermatologist for a hair/skin condition that is troubling instead of letting these conditions leave a permanent mark behind.

FAQs

Can dermatologists do surgery?

Yes, dermatologists do specialized surgeries. Some of them are fellows in surgical dermatology who perform plastic and laser surgeries for the reconstruction of skin.

How are dermatologists trained?

Dermatologists are MBBS doctors who undertake a master’s degree, which is a 2 years MD dermatology course. Additionally, there is training in specific areas, which gives them expertise and specialization in the same.

What does a dermatologist do at an appointment?

A dermatologist in the first appointment would record all details, including the deformity, medical history and related information. Then they would examine the skin condition, and they may also use tools and focussed light for diagnosis. Sometimes laboratory tests may also be prescribed to evaluate underlying health conditions. Then they would determine a suitable course of medical and aesthetic treatment.

Can a dermatologist help with hair loss?

Yes, there are trained dermato-trichologists who can help with various hair thinning and hair fall issues. They perform treatments like PRP, hair transplant, scalp reduction, laser and many other procedures with precision and desired efficacy.

What skincare products do dermatologists recommend?

Dermatologists recommend only those skincare products which are evidenced to treat your skin condition. They also take care of your skin type and underlying health conditions while prescribing the same. Thus it reduces the chances of any side effects.

Can a dermatologist remove a cyst?

Yes, a dermatologist can remove the cyst by using injections and even surgically excise the cyst. Sebaceous cyst removal is a peculiar procedure that an expert dermatologist can do with utmost precision while maintaining sterile conditions. They also suture the skin behind, if need be, to prevent any scars.

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