Getting black spots on legs, feet, and ankle is quite common these days. While most of these spots are harmless to our body, they can compromise the uniform tone and quality of our skin. Though, with the help of evidence based medicines and holistic treatments, you can easily get rid of dark spots on legs, feet, and ankles. Since there could be different reasons behind them, it is important to learn the major causes of black spots on legs. Afterward, a doctor can help you learn how to remove these unsightly dark spots on legs by following an ideal course of treatment.
Black Spots On Legs, Feet, & Ankles
Nobody likes to see dark spots on their body. Though, in order to understand how to remove black spots from legs, it is important to know how they are formed. In most of the cases, hyperpigmentation is related to black spots of feet, legs, and other body parts. You might already know that melanin is responsible for giving our skin a uniform tone. When the amount of melanin is not ideal at a certain body part, it leads to either darkening or discoloration of the skin.
Since our skin is prone to hyper-pigmentation, it can often result in the formation of black spots on legs. While it might get worse with ageing, there could be numerous other reasons behind it as well. These dark spots on legs and ankles are usually benign and don’t harm our body. Nevertheless, they might not look too pleasing and can even affect one’s confidence.
Causes Of Dark Spots On Legs And Feet
Ideally, there could be different reasons for getting black spots on feet, ankles, and legs. Here are some of the most common causes and triggers –
- Skin pigmentation that is mostly related to ageing. Too often, age spots develop into dark and black areas on legs and ankles. Getting these spots after the age of 50 is pretty common.
- Our genes can also be related to dark spots on the skin. If it runs in your family, then chances are that you might also get pigmentation or related skin issues. The hormone melasma has been found related to the discoloration of the skin.
- Diabetic Dermopathy is another condition that can lead to black spots on legs. It happens when a patient’s blood vessels are dilated and forms a blister at a specific area. The black spots on legs due to diabetes can be cured easily with medicines.
- An extensive exposure to the sun can also form black spots on legs. If your skin is sensitive to the sun, then it can burn the epidermis cells and cause unwanted pigmentation.
- The excessive use of perfumes and deodorants can make your skin sensitive to the sun and the pollutants in the environment.
- Itching a scratch, acne, or skin inflammation can affect the natural healing of your skin and trigger its pigmentation.
- Freckles and moles can also appear on our legs and ankles. They can develop into dark spots as we age.
- Black spots on legs causes are often linked to Melanoma as well. Mostly in women, Melanoma can develop brownish spots on lower legs.
- A severe skin condition, side effects from another medicine, and dehydration are some other common causes for dark spots on the skin.
Also Read: How To Get Glowing Skin?
How To Remove Dark Spots On Legs?
While dark spots on legs don’t cause any evident harm, most of the people like to get rid of them. Thankfully, there are comprehensive and customized consultations and treatments that can help you get rid of these spots pretty easily, that include –
Chemical peel is one of the most recommended treatment for dark spots on the skin. Dermatologists use certain chemicals (like alphahydroxy acids) to prepare a chemical solution, which is applied to the dark patches. On the level of the intensity of the solution and the duration it is applied for, the process can be classified as light, medium, or deep. Later, it peels the upper layer of the skin with the dark skin cells. This allows the newer and lighter cells to grow. You might have to undergo a few sessions at regular intervals to get the desired results.
Also Read: How Do Chemical Peels Work On Black Spots?
This is another method to treat black spots on legs and ankles. In this, a focused beam of light is targeted at the affected area. This eliminates the pigmented skin cells and allows the healthier cells to grow from beneath, by triggering collagen production. Laser is focused on the pigmented area of the skin thus removing the destroyed tissues and replacing with newer skin cells. Since it is a non-invasive approach, it is commonly implemented at regular intervals. Though, you should get your skin examined and ask a dermatologist how to remove dark spots on legs with a laser, in advance.
A medical-grade roller with microneedles is used to carefully injure the upper layer of the skin. This boosts the production of collagen that heals the skin automatically and gets rid of pigmentation as well. Mostly, 3-4 sessions of Microneedling are performed to get a smoother and evenly toned skin.
If you don’t have severely dark spots on legs, then you can also go for a Microdermabrasion treatment. In this technique, special tools are used to exfoliate the upper layer of the skin. This automatically gets rid of the dead cells and cleans the skin at a deeper level. Since no chemical products are used in this non-invasive technique, it comes with minimum side effects.
Also Read: How To Treat Black Spots On Back?
How To Treat Black Spots On Feet And Ankles?
After learning how to get rid of black spots on legs, you can further follow certain tips to treat dark spots on feet and ankles. The technique is a bit different for feet as this skin is more sensitive than our legs. Therefore, more sophisticated techniques are used to treat black spots on feet and ankles.
There are several OTC and topical creams that can help us treat black spot on the bottom of foot with no pain. You can simply apply these topical medicines as per the instructions given by the doctor. Usually, these medicines only show positive results in a few weeks. Also, make sure that you are not allergic to any ingredient used in these medicines.
Hydroquinone is a skin lightening agent that has been in use for years now. If you want to get immediate results, then simply apply it on the black spots. You can also mix it with a sunscreen as well. Though, Hydroquinone can sometimes make our skin red or leave it dry. Therefore, you should only use it if your skin is not allergic to it.
Since Kojic Acid is derived from natural products like fermented rice and mushrooms, it rarely causes any drastic side effect. It is well-known for healing the pigmented cells and reducing the dark spots on feet. If you have sensitive skin, then you can dilute it as well. Apply it on a daily basis to get constructive results.
You can use a pumice stone, a scrubber, or any other exfoliating agent to get rid of the dead cells on your feet. Sometimes, the accumulation of dead skin cells can also make our ankles dark. You can also go for an extensive pedicure or simply soak your feet in warm water before exfoliating them.
Sometimes, black spots on feet can be related to an infection or any other medical condition. Therefore, you should not consider it lightly and visit an experienced dermatologist to get a holistic treatment. An expert will carefully examine your skin and come up with an ideal course of treatment. They can also prescribe some oral medications in order to treat your body infection. In this way, you can learn how to remove dark spots on feet and ankles with the help of an expert.
Also Read: What Are Dark Spots On Face?
How To Avoid Black Spots On Legs?
While you can learn how to remove black spots on legs, it is always better to avoid such an unwanted situation. Make sure that you don’t get black spots on legs in the future by following these suggestions –
- Avoid scratching pimples, acne, moles, wounds, or any other kind of inflammation. This can tamper with your body’s natural healing and cause skin pigmentation.
- Prevent the exposure to the sun for a long time and always apply sunscreen before heading out.
- If you are out for a long duration, then you can consider washing your skin and reapplying the sunscreen.
- Moisturize your skin at least twice a day to keep it exhilarated.
- A gentle exfoliation should be performed once a week to keep your skin clean.
- Avoid using too many chemical skin products that might cause unwanted side effects related to pigmentation.
- Don’t use someone else’s personal products (like a towel) to avoid infection.
- Sometimes, contraceptive pills can lead to the pigmentation of the skin. In this case, you can switch to any other kind of medication.
- Find out if this is something that runs in your family and visit a doctor to get a dedicated treatment.
Now when you know how to remove dark spots on legs, feet, and ankles, you can certainly get a smoother and even-toned skin. There are medically proven and result-oriented treatments for black spots on the skin that you can further explore. Simply visit an experienced dermatologist and get to know more about these skin treatments in detail.