Do you work long hours on the laptop? Do you enjoy late-night parties or movie hauls during the weekends? If you can relate to both the situations, there are chances that you may be having dark circles.
Dark circles under the eyes can have an aesthetic impact that makes people look tired, unhealthy, and older. Sometimes, deeply set eyes, hollows under the eyes may lead to a shadowing effect giving an illusion of dark circles. It can also be a marker of insulin hormone resistance too. Find out more about the causes and treatments for dark circles right here!
What Are Dark Circles Under Eyes?
Dark circles are light to dark brown or black pigmentation around the eyes formed due to the accumulation of melanin. Also known as periorbital dark circles or periorbital hyperpigmentation, dark circles appear more prominently in fair-skinned individuals as the underlying veins around the eye area gives a reddish-blue tint.
Also Read: Laser Treatment To Treat Dark Circles
What Causes Under Eye Dark Circles?
Chances of developing dark circles depend on your genetic predisposition and skin tone. As we age, the skin’s elasticity weakens as we start losing collagen, and the area under the eyes begin to become thin and translucent. Darkening of the skin around the eye region may be due to various causes like fluid accumulation under the eyes, increased vascularity in the under-eye skin or constitutional hollows under the eyes. The venous congestion or fluid build-up due to the following causes make dark circles noticeable –
- Fatigue and lack of sleep
- Certain allergies to eye cosmetics
- Ageing process causing skin laxity
- Atopic dermatitis
- Pigmentation irregularities
- Excessive sun exposure
- Habit of rubbing eyes
- Certain medication
- Anaemia, iron and vitamin B12 deficiency
- Excessive vascularity in the skin around the eyes
- Tear trough (under eye hollows)
Also Read: How To Get Flawless Skin?
How To Get Rid Of Dark Circles Permanently?
Here are some of the dark circle treatment methods, which can help you reduce this condition. A dermatologist will select the treatment for the management of dark circles based on the underlying cause and severity of the hyperpigmentation.
Doctors use advanced laser technology to treat both superficial and deep pigment around the eyes, and also to address the vascularity. It reduces any darkness under the eyes and even helps fade fine lines and wrinkles to some extent. Laser therapy reduces the fluid spread caused by broken capillaries and uses light energy to gently exfoliate the skin, thereby reducing the darkness in the overall area. Lasers also help to treat skin laxity by collagen induction and remodelling that results in a visible improvement in the appearance of dark circles. Q-switched Alexandrite, Q-switched Ruby and Q-switched Nd: YAG lasers are best suited for treating the eye area.
Chemical Peel Treatment:
Many chemical peels can reduce the darkness of your under-eye skin provided there is superficial pigmentation. Doctors use glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid and lactic acid in an appropriate quantity to treat infraorbital and periorbital dark circles. Please do not attempt to try any over-the-counter peels on your own as that can be very hazardous. Those chemical peels can irritate the delicate eye area if not applied properly.
Topical medical treatment for dark circles include potent eye creams of varying strengths with skin lightening ingredients. These agents include hydroquinone, kojic acid, azelaic acid, arbutin, vitamin C, and retinoic acid. These creams help reduce dark circles by getting rid of darkly pigmented skin under the eyes. These are applied directly to the affected area and usually prescribed by a dermatologist in varying strengths and combinations.
Retinoids are one of the most potent topical ingredients to treat ageing-related concerns, including under-eye dark circles. The regular use of retinol has proven to increase collagen production and skin thickness, but it may often cause skin irritation. Therefore, consult a dermatologist before choosing a retinol cream for dark circles.
Dermatologists perform advanced aesthetic treatment using hyaluronic acid fillers to fill in the hollowness or tear troughs under the eyes. It helps in reducing the shadowing effect and eliminating the tired look.
You may have heard of age-old remedies promising you instant dark circle removal. Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that these may work. Instead, choose a viable and scientifically-proven cosmetic treatment that will improve the tone and texture of your skin around the eyes, reduce the darkness of the circles and improve your appearance.
Also Read: How To Remove Pigmentation From Face?
What Is The Cost Of Dark Circle Removal?
The cost of a dark circle peel treatment in India ranges between Rs. 2,000 and Rs. 5,000 per session and laser treatment costs between Rs. 4,000 and Rs. 7,000 per session. The cost of filler treatment for reducing under-eye hollowness rages from Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 60,000 per session. Doctor prescribed topical creams usually cost around Rs. 700 to Rs. 1500. OTC medications for dark circles may have a price range of Rs. 200-Rs. 2000. The cost of professional dermatology treatment for dark circles will vary depending on the cause and severity of the hyper-pigmentation, the procedure selected, the number of sessions required, the experience of the dermatologist and the reputation and location of the clinic.
Please note that the price ranges mentioned here are indicative only and may vary from one city to another.
Before And After Results
Top Tips To Prevent Dark Circles
Dark circles are often hereditary or occur as you age. The following tips can be helpful to prevent or reduce their appearance –
- Eat a balanced diet rich in iron and avoid excessive intake of caffeinated drinks. Drink water throughout the day to stay hydrated.
- Be gentle on your skin around the eyes. Avoid rubbing or scrubbing the area aggressively.
- Cut down on screen time and catch up on sleep.
- Wear sunscreen whenever you are outdoors. Also, protect your eyes from sun damage by wearing sunglasses or hats.
Also Read: How To Remove Dark Spots?
How Long Does It Take To Reduce Dark Circles?
It depends entirely on the individual’s medical history and the underlying cause of dark circles. Each individual reacts differently to treatment, and the time frame may vary according to the procedure selected and the severity of the condition. The estimated time frame to diminish the appearance of dark circles is between 6 and 8 weeks.
Are Dark Circles Under Eyes A Symptom Of Iron Deficiency?
Yes, an iron deficiency will cause the area underneath your eyes to darken. A reduced supply of oxygen in the blood leads to the darkening of the under-eye area.
Are There Any Vitamins That Reduces Under-Eye Circles?
A well-balanced diet with adequate amounts of iron, vitamin B12 and vitamin C (which helps in iron absorption) will help prevent these dark circles. Unfortunately, there is no specific nutrient you could consume to eliminate dark circles.
Now, you know all about the causes and procedures for reducing dark circles. Visit your dermatologist and enquire about a suitable treatment to eliminate those dark circles from underneath your eyes today.