Papule: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments And Prevention Tips

What Is A Papule Acne And How To Cure It Effectively?

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Acne and its troubles seem to follow us everywhere and at every age. Many of us not aware that acne can be of different types and this categorization is done by dermatologists based on their severity and characteristic appearance. Each type of acne demands a different plan of action for treating it.

What Is A Papule?

Papules are small, raised pimples that are considered a moderate type of acne lesion. This category can also be referred to as Grade 2 acne or Type II acne. Papule acne can occur anywhere on the face and body and are often found in groups. They tend to leave behind hyperpigmentation marks on the skin.

Also Read: Get The Best Treatment For Papule Acne

What Are The Causes And Symptoms Of Papules?

The main cause for the formation of papules is the clogging of pores with oil, dead skin cells, dirt, and debris. A clogged pore initially forms a comedone, and when this progresses to the next stage, it is referred to as a papule. Factors that can cause papules are –

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Excess sebum production by the oil glands
  • Increased androgen levels in the body leading to high levels of sebum being produced
  • Exposure to pollution
  • Improper skin cleansing and exfoliating techniques
  • Lack of personal hygiene
  • Certain medications like birth control pills
  • Puberty
  • Comedogenic makeup

The symptoms of a papule can help differentiate it from the other types of pimples. These are –

  • Raised bump, which is usually not filled with pus
  • Redness in the affected area
  • Tenderness
  • May have a small impression in the middle (umbilicated)

Also Read: Causes, Symptoms And Types of Acne

Which Areas Of The Body Are Affected?

As mentioned before, papules acne can form anywhere on the body or face. Areas commonly affected include cheeks, nose, forehead, chin, shoulders, and back. Papules on the face are more common that papules on the body.

Macule Vs. Papule

A macule is a flat, pigmented area of the skin that does not have any elevation or depression. On the other hand, a papule is raised skin lesion with proper borders and some redness around the area.

How To Treat Papules Acne?

The presence of papules indicates that the skin is prone to acne and develop pus-filled pimples if the papules are not treated on time. Papule treatment mainly involves the following:

  1. Skin Care Routine – Keep the skin clean and apply a suitable moisturizer and sunscreen every day. Pick a cleanser, toner, and moisturizer (and sunscreen) that is meant for your skin type. Using the wrong products can aggravate papules to develop into pustules and nodules, which are pus-filled pimples.
  2. Chemical Peels – Certain peels are meant specifically for reducing excess oil production and removing dead skin cells and help to unclog pores and remove papules. Salicylic acid and mandaelic acid work well for papule prone skin.

    Also Read: What Is Chemical Peel Procedure – Know The Benefits And Side Effects

  3. Medications – Dermatologists may prescribe you with either topical creams or oral medicines or both, depending on the severity of your papule acne problem. These medications work towards avoiding an infection from developing and also controlling the papule outbreak. Antibiotics like tetracycline and isotretinoin are often prescribed.

How Much Does Papule Treatment Cost In India?

The cost of papule treatment in India ranges between Rs. 2000 to Rs. 4000 per session, at a good skin clinic. The total prices vary based on several factors like size of pustule, skin type, underlying health condition and the experience of the dermatologist.

General Tips To Get Rid Of Papules

Papules are just the beginning of a full-blown pimple and can be brought under control fairly easily. Prevent the formation of papules with the following tips.

(A) Determine Your Skin Type – The first step is to determine your skin type. The primary skin types are normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, and combination skin. This categorization is based on the levels of natural oils produced by your skin. For example, if your skin appears parched and has dry patches, then you possess a dry skin type. An oily skin easily becomes sticky and greasy even after thoroughly cleaning it with a good face wash. Take help from a professional if you have any doubts regarding your skin type.

Also Read: How To Remove Acne From Oily Skin?

(B) Stay Hydrated – Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water in a day. Water helps to detoxify the system and prevent papules from cropping up. It eliminates toxins from the body and skin while keeping the skin cells hydrated. Sebum (natural oil) production is regulated and thus, papules can be prevented. Hydration is also important externally and this can be achieved by applying a suitable moisturizer for your skin type.

Pro Tip: Use a gel based moisturizer for oily skin type.

(C) Avoid The Sun – Sun rays can damage your skin cells and produce damaging components called free radicals. These lead to pores being clogged easily. Avoid going out in the sun during the peak hours (from 10 am to 3 pm). When you do step out into the sun, apply a good sunscreen 20 minutes beforehand.

(D) Maintain A Healthy Diet – The skin cells need essential nutrients from the diet to function optimally. When there is a lack of any essential vitamin or mineral, skin problems such as papules can develop. Eat a diet that is full of healthy fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meat. Omega-3 fatty acids are great for keeping the skin nourished and are found in good amounts in nuts and fish.

Also Read: How To Cure Acne With Simple Diet Changes?

(E) Be Gentle With Your Skin – It is a common misconception that scrubbing your skin while washing or exfoliating will get rid of the excess oil, comedones and blocked pores. The pressure you put on your skin can damage it to the extent of causing permanent scars. Be gentle with your skin during each step of your skincare routine.

(F) Establish And Maintain A Routine – Maintain a good skin care routine using products that suit your skin type. Pick products that are meant for your skin type and will work towards maintaining the ideal pH balance and keeping sebum production at an optimum level. Cleansing, toning, and moisturizing with exfoliating once or twice a week is the best skin care routine to follow according to experts.

Papules are pimples in their nascent stages and should be treated to prevent acne marks, acne scars, and pus-filled acne in the future. Incorporate the tips suggested while seeking a dermatologist’s advice to remove papules and prevent them.

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About The Author

Kushneet Kukreja

Kushneet Kukreja

A postgraduate in Biotechnology from Kingston University and an ISSA Certified Specialist in Fitness & Nutrition, Kushneet Kukreja is a passionate writer who works in close association with the dermatologists at our head office to generate valuable and scientifically accurate content for our blog.

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