Acne is a very common physiological process which causes inflammation and disfigurement of the skin. Almost 90% of teens suffer from acne, but there are certain factors which contribute towards worsening the condition where it becomes difficult to get rid of acne. Before we check the tips and treatments including skin care routine for acne prone skin, let us first understand what is acne prone skin?
What Is Acne Prone Skin?
While most people are affected by an acne outbreak at some point during their teenage years, but this is a self-limiting condition. It is just a phase or physiological change that brings acne or pimple outbreak. But some people are more likely to get acne than the rest, even in later ages. Their sebaceous glad activities are much accelerated and their hormonal fluxes are extremely pronounced, thus causing them more prone to pimple out-growth.
How Is Acne Formed?
Follicles or skin pores are ducts in the skin where a hair strand resides. These follicles comprise of sebaceous glands that produce sebum or natural oil which keeps the skin hydrated and safeguards it. These pores connect the surface of the skin to sebaceous glands and along with sebum, and dead skin cells are removed from these pores. When there is too much sebum production and dirt or grime deposits along, this results in clogging of the pore. And it becomes a breeding ground for bacteria that proliferate and causes inflammation. This can even lead to the formation of white colored pus at the tip of the pore that results in pimples or acne.
Factors That Make Your Skin Acne Prone
Before we understand how to make your skin pimple-free? Let us look at factors that make you more prone to acne or pimple outbreak not just during teenage but later in life as well
- It occurs more prominently and severely in males than in females
- Studies also suggest urban boys are more prone than rural boys
- Genetic predisposition makes one more prone to acne, if your parents have had pimples then it is likely that you may also have them
- Racial and ethnic details also play an important role; Caucasians and Americans with white skin are more prone to acne
- Levels of sex hormones in the body also make you more prone to pimples. Thus diseases like PCOS, pregnancy, puberty, menopause, etc. where hormonal surges increase; cause more acne
- Individual immunity also factors in when it comes to acne inclination of your skin
- Environmental factors also play an important role when it comes to the susceptibility of the skin towards acne. Hot and humid climate aggravates acne outbreak due to increased sweating.
Who Can Have Pimples?
Before we get into the steps of skin care routine, it is important to understand that people of all skin types can get pimples. While the oily skin type is the most prone due to excessive production of sebum, acne can also pop up on skin that is dry or sensitive. The root cause of occurrence of acne on almost every skin type in India is the lack of importance that is given to adhering to a skin care routine every day, that suits such pimple prone skin.
When you have a genetic predisposition or health condition which makes your skin more prone to pimples, then taking good care of the skin becomes even more imperative. Since ignorance can lead to worsening of the acne and even resulting in the formation of displeasing scars.
Best Skin Care Routine For Acne Prone Skin
Though not many causes can be contained, by following dermatologist recommended skin care routine for acne you can reduce the chances of acne outbreak and prevent any permanent scarring on the skin. With the volatility in climatic conditions, it becomes important to find the best skin care routine which will keep your pimple-prone skin nourished and flawless –
- Get Educated About Acne – Before you begin with the skin care routine it is very important to first understand the condition and all details involved. There are different types of acne and each of those have some specifications, so getting educated about the medical, aesthetic and emotional aspects will help you plan the course of skin care ahead. Also, you must understand your skin type and affinity toward best skin care for pimples.
- Debunk All Myths That Are Factually Incorrect – For any skincare routine, the dermatologists would first explain the facts regarding causes and treatments. The home-based treatments and natural remedies must not be resorted to as they will only aggravate the acne on your skin. The diet, bowel movements, and hygiene-related myths also do not have any scientific evidence so do not follow them blindly.
- Best Cleanser For Oily Acne Prone Skin – Cleansing is a skin hygiene ritual which has been followed from centuries. Since only water is not sufficient as many impurities do not dissolve in water, so it is important to find the right cleansers recommended by dermatologists. An ideal cleanser must be non-comedogenic, non-acne genic, non-irritant and non-allergic that acts on dirt and germs, and not the skin surface. It is recommended to use a pH balanced cleanser with the instability of surfactant ingredients suitable for your skin type. For people with oily skin, a gel or foam based cleanser works best whereas for people with dry skin, a cream based cleanser is apt as it is moisturizing for the skin.
- Exfoliation – It is the process of removing the upper layers of skin comprising dead cells to prevent clogging of pores and limiting the activity of acne-causing bacteria. There are mechanical and chemical procedures that help in exfoliating. While dermatologists suggest chemical peels at least once every few months, there are also certain at-home exfoliation recommendations that must be considered. The chemicals in dermatologist recommended peels contain alpha hydroxy and beta hydroxy acids that help in gentle and controlled exfoliation of the skin. Some benefits of exfoliation include-
- It boosts the circulation and blood flow
- It helps in the reduction of fine lines
- It brightens the dull and pigmented skin by bringing out new cells from beneath the skin
- It preps the skin to absorb essential nutrients
- Use An Acne Treatment Medication – Topical and internal acne treatments are often recommended by dermatologists, especially when simple skin care routines fail to solve the problem. Topical medications include retinoids, antibiotics, and creams containing azelaic acid, benzoic acid, salicylic acid, dapsone, etc. The dermatologists may also prescribe oral medications including antibiotics, isotretinoin, anti-androgen agents, etc.
- Best Toner For Acne Prone Skin – To get a refreshed and supple skin after cleansing, toners must be used. Some toners contain blemish and pigmentation fighting properties. Check with your dermatologist for astringents before using, as they contain alcohol in them.
- Avoid Dehydrating The Skin – Most skin care products to contain acne outgrowth, have a tendency to dry the skin, this may cause excessive sebum production. So avoid harsh toners or cleansers, also moisturize as soon as you wash your face or body, without letting it dry completely.
- Sunscreen For Oily Acne Prone Skin – Harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun can damage your skin immensely and cause sunburn, rashes, tanning, wrinkles, fine lines, dark spots, etc. Dermatologists recommend an optimal sunscreen of at least SPF 30 all year round whenever you head out in the sun, as UV rays can penetrate through and still damage your skin. Sunscreen for acne prone skin is advised every three to four hours.
- Serum For Acne-Prone Skin – A serum is a skin-enriching concoction consisting of vitamins, minerals, and acids which help in not just fighting acne but also reduces pore blockages and thus keeping the skin nourished and hydrated. Many serums also contain ingredients that will help to lighten the acne marks and scars. Non-oil based acne control serums work the best.
- Face Moisturizer For Acne Prone Skin – Moisturizers are an important part of a dermatologists armamentarium as they have a significant role in many skin disorders. Moisturizers are the therapeutic agents so an ideal dermatologist recommended a moisturizer for acne prone skin care routine, must reduce and prevent trans epidermal water loss, restore lipid barrier, hypoallergenic, non-comedogenic, non-sensitizing and fragrance-free.
Here is an informative video on how to apply Moisturizer
- Drink Ample Water For Skin Hydration – Apart from the topical hydration that you provide your skin with, through moisturizers and serums, hydration from within the body is necessary too. Water is the solution to so many skin concerns. It washes out the toxins that accumulate in the body and clarifies your skin pores. Drinking ample water in a day also replenishes the hydration levels of your skin. A well-hydrated skin would prevent overproduction of sebum thus keeping acne at bay.
- Use Non-Comedogenic Makeup – Choose only that makeup which is formulated to reduce blockage of the pores. As these noncomedogenic products will prevent the accumulation of sebum and bacteria causing acne in the pores. Also noncomedogenic implies to paraben free and hypoallergenic. These products are oil free and suitable for almost all skin types.
- Maintain Healthy Hair – An effective hair care routine is also imperative for acne prone skin. Switch to fragrance-free and preservative free shampoos and conditioners as recommended by dermatologists. Also, cover your hair when heading out in the sun.
- Keep Hands Away From Your Face – Picking, plucking pimples or just touching your face can cause aggravation of the acne condition. Do not touch your face unnecessarily as your hands may transfer bacteria and dirt which may clog the pores and cause pimples.
- Stop Eating Dairy – Though there is weak evidence suggesting a link between dairy and acne, some believe that lactose may trigger an acne outbreak. Milk particularly worsens the acne and can lead up to scarring.
- Restrict Carbohydrate Intake – Foods with high glycemic index especially carbohydrates increase blood sugar levels and thus trigger an acne outbreak. Though studies may not be sufficient to prove the link there are researches underway establishing the relation of diet and acne.
- Remove Makeup Properly – It is very important to remove all the makeup before heading to bed, using non-comedogenic towelettes or wipes. This will prevent any clogging of pores and acne on the skin.
- Wash Sweat From Your Skin – Wash your face soon after workout, to clear off the sweat and prevent any clogging of pores.
- Do Not Follow Spot Treatments – Usually, the spot treatments contain natural contents and they may not have any scientific evidence suggesting their use in skin care routine for acne prone. Be sure to check with your dermatologist before opting for any such treatment.
- Be Wary Of Skin Masks – Despite their claims, they may act otherwise on the skin. Face masks can worsen your acne too, so be sure to check with your dermatologist.
Night Skin Care Routine For Pimple Free Skin
Dermatologist recommended tips for a pimple free skin lays huge emphasis on night skincare routine. As this is extremely important to prevent any infection or acne outbreak. Some night time tips to follow, include –
- Remove all makeup using non-comedogenic wipes
- Wash your face with a gentle face wash (non-acnegenic)
- Use adequate moisturizer suitable for your skin type
- Apply eye cream to prevent puffiness and dark circles
- Use lip balm for nourishing the lips well
- Use silk bed sheets and pillow covers as cotton can tug and pull your skin and hair
- Sleep on your back as putting your face on the pillow can cause wrinkles
- Brush your hair using a wide-toothed comb and do not sleep in a ponytail as it may cause unnecessary friction
Acne Care Routine For Different Types Of Skin
The oily, dry, combination, normal or sensitive; whichever skin type you have, your skin care routine must blend well to nourish it. What works well on dry skin may not be enriching for oily skin as the entire composition of products and treatments change with your skin type especially if you have acne prone skin. Check some tips on skin care based on your skin type –
- Skin Care Routine For Oily Acne Prone Skin – Oily skin has larger pores with dull and shiny complexion. And the production of excess oils is also regulated by climatic conditions in addition to hormones and genes. So do not wash oily skin more than twice a day, and avoid scrub. Use only non-comedogenic products as recommended by your dermatologist.
- Dry Skin – Dry skin comprises of minute pores, rough complexion, and visible lines. The skin loses its elasticity and gets dull due to dryness. It can even crack, peel and inflame depending on climatic conditions. Some tips for skin care routine for dry skin include; reduce the time for a shower, do not scrub, use only gentle cleansers, use a humidifier (only cool mist), and do not expose yourself to too much heat or pollution.
- Normal Skin – Normal skin does not have any visible imperfections but being prone to acne can make it tricky to follow a skincare routine. Use only non-comedogenic products and follow a proper moisturizing and exfoliating routine regularly.
- Skin Care Routine For Combination Skin – This kind of skin may be the most challenging to deal with, as portions of your skin are oily while others are dry. You may have more blackheads so be sure to get them removed before they aggravate further into more prominent acne.
- Sensitive Skin – It is very important to prevent the triggers from causing any damage to your sensitive skin type. And they can cause redness and itching in addition to inflammation. Use the only dermatologist recommended products and keep your skin clean.
Dermatologist Recommended Skin Care Products For Acne
- Use a non-comedogenic sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and retouch every 2-3 hours
- Stay hydrated and keep your skin moisturized
- Follow a proper cleansing exfoliating moisturizing and toning routine in sync with your skin type
- Do not indulge in smoking or alcohol as this dries up your skin too fast
- Do not use hot water for bath, just lukewarm or cold must be used
- Do not use harsh chemical based cosmetic supplies
- Prevent natural or home-based remedies as you do not know how a certain item reacts on your skin
- For any acne or skin issues check with your dermatologist before it aggravates further, causing severe repercussions
Do You Need To Moisturize Oily Skin For Pimple Free Face?
Yes, even if your skin is oily, you must apply suitable moisturizer to hydrate the skin effectively. Use oil-free and non-comedogenic moisturizers only.
How Can I Stop My Skin From Breaking Out?
You can follow an effective skin care routine based on your skin type and visit an expert for any skin anomaly before it aggravates further.
Do I Really Need To Wear Sunscreen Every Day?
Yes, even if it’s a cloudy day or rainy season you must stick with your sunscreen routine. As harmful UVA and UVB rays may penetrate despite the weather and damage your skin.
How Can I Fix An Uneven Skin Tone?
Uneven skin tone can be corrected by using certain dermatologist recommended treatments like a chemical peel and an advanced USFDA approved procedure called laser toning. Both of these procedures are tested on daily skin care routine for Indian skin.