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Acne is a very common physiological condition which causes inflammation and some scarring of the skin. Almost 90% teens suffer from acne, but there are certain factors which contribute towards worsening the condition where it becomes difficult to control the spread. Before we check the various tips and treatments including a skin care routine for acne prone skin, let us first understand what acne prone skin is.
What Is Acne Prone Skin?
Acne prone skin indicates a skin type which is likely to suffer from, or experience acne outbreaks. Some people are more likely to get acne than others, even as they age. Their sebaceous gland activity is accelerated and their hormonal fluxes are extremely pronounced, causing them to be more prone to pimple out-growth.
Who Is Prone To Getting Acne?
Before we get into skincare steps for acne prone skin, it is important to understand that people of all skin types can get pimples. While the oily skin type is the most prone due to an excessive production of sebum, acne can also pop up on skin that is dry or sensitive. The root cause of the occurrence of acne on almost every skin type in India, is the lack of importance that is given to adhering to a daily skin care routine, that suits individual skin types.
Also Read: Get Expert Assitance To Treat Acne
Best Skin Care Routine For Acne Prone Skin
Though not many causes can be contained, following a dermatologist recommended skin care routine for acne can reduce the chances of an acne outbreak and prevent any permanent scarring on the skin. With a wide range of climate conditions, it becomes important to find the best skin care routine which will keep your pimple prone skin nourished and flawless –
- Cleanse Thoroughly– Cleansing is a skin hygiene ritual which has been followed from centuries. As only water is not sufficient as many impurities do not dissolve in water, it is important to find the right cleansers recommended by dermatologists. An ideal cleanser must be non-comedogenic, non-acne genic, non-irritant and non-allergic that acts only on dirt and germs, and not the skin’s surface. It is recommended to use a pH balanced cleanser with rinsability of surfactant ingredients suitable for your skin type. For people with oily skin, a gel or foam based cleanser works best whereas for people with dry skin, a cream based cleanser is apt as it also moisturizes the skin.
- Exfoliate Properly–It is the process of removing the upper layers of skin comprising of dead cells to prevent the clogging of pores and limiting the activity of acne causing bacteria. There are mechanical and chemical procedures that help in exfoliating. While dermatologists suggest chemical peels at least once every few months, there are also certain at-home exfoliation recommendations that can be considered. The chemicals in dermatologist recommended peels contain alpha hydroxy and beta hydroxy acids that help in gentle and controlled exfoliation of the skin.
- Tone Gently – To get refreshed and supple skin after cleansing, toners must be used. Some toners contain blemish and pigmentation fighting properties. Check with your dermatologist for astringents before using them, as they contain alcohol in them.
- Apply Moisturizer –Moisturizers are important as they have a significant role in many skin disorders. A moisturizer for an acne prone skin care routine must reduce and prevent trans-epidermal water loss, restore lipid barriers, is hypoallergenic, non-comedogenic, non-sensitizing and fragrance free.
- Don’t Forget Acne Medication –Topical and internal acne treatments are often recommended by dermatologists, especially when simple skin care routines fail to solve the problem. Topical medications include retinoids, antibiotics and creams containing azelaic acid, benzoic acid, salicylic acid, dapsone, etc. The dermatologist may also prescribe oral medication including antibiotics, isotretinoin, anti-androgen agents, etc.
- Apply Fast-Acting Serums –A serum is a skin enriching concoction consisting of vitamins, minerals and acids which help in fighting acne and reducing pore blockages, keeping the skin nourished and hydrated. Many serums also contain ingredients that will help lighten the acne marks and scars. Non-oil based acne control serums work the best.
- Protect From Sun –Harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun can damage your skin immensely and cause sun burn, rashes, tanning, wrinkles, fine lines, dark spots, etc. Dermatologists recommend an optimal sunscreen of at least SPF 30 all year round whenever you head out in the sun, as UV rays can penetrate through and still damage your skin. Reapplication of the sunscreen is advised every three to four hours.
- Use Non-Comedogenic Makeup – Choose makeup which is formulated to reduce pore blockage. As these non comedogenic products will prevent the accumulation of sebum and bacteria which can cause acne in the pores. Also, non-comedogenic implies paraben free and hypoallergenic properties. These products are oil free and suitable for almost all skin types.
- Remove Makeup Properly – It is very important to remove all makeup before heading to bed, using non-comedogenic towelettes or wipes. This will prevent any clogging of pores and acne on skin.
- Do Not Follow Spot Treatments –Usually spot treatments contain natural contents and they may not have any scientific evidence suggesting their use in a skincare routine for acne prone skin. Be sure to check with your dermatologist before opting for any such treatment.
- Avoid Dehydrating The Skin – Most skin care products for acne prone skin have a tendency to dry the skin, which conversely may cause excessive sebum production. So avoid harsh toners or cleansers and moisturize as soon as you wash your face or body, without letting it dry completely.
- Maintain Healthy Hair – An effective hair care routine is also imperative for acne prone skin. Switch to fragrance free and preservative free shampoos and conditioners as recommended by dermatologists. Also cover your hair when heading out in the sun.
- Keep Hands Away From Your Face – Picking at pimples or just touching sensitive areas of your face can aggravate the acne condition. Do not touch your face unnecessarily as your hands may transfer bacteria and dirt which may clog the pores and cause pimples.
- Wash Sweat From Your Skin – Wash your face soon after workout, to clear sweat and prevent the clogging of pores.
- Be Wary Of Skin Masks – Despite their claims, they may act negatively on the skin. Face masks can worsen your acne too, so be sure to check with your dermatologist.
- Stop Eating Dairy – Though there is weak evidence suggesting a link between dairy and acne, some believe that lactose can trigger an acne outbreak. Milk particularly worsens the acne and which can lead to scarring.
- Restrict Carbohydrate Intake – Foods with a high glycemic index, especially carbohydrates, increase blood sugar levels and thus triggers an acne outbreak. Though current research may not be sufficient to prove the link, there are studies being conducted to establish the relation between diet and acne.
- Drink Ample Water –Apart from the topical hydration that you provide your skin through moisturizers and serums, hydration from within the body is necessary too. Water is the solution to many skin concerns. It washes out the toxins that accumulate in the body and clarifies your skin pores. Drinking ample water during a day also replenishes the hydration levels of your skin. Well-hydrated skin can prevent the excess production of sebum, thus keeping acne at bay.
Also Read: How To Remove Pimple From Face?
Dermatologists Recommended Acne Care Tips
➤ Use a non-comedogenic sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and retouch every 2-3 hours
➤ Stay hydrated and keep your skin moisturized
➤ Follow a proper cleansing, exfoliation and toning routine based on your skin type
➤ Do not indulge in smoking or alcohol as this dries up your skin fast
➤ Do not use hot water for a bath, just lukewarm or cold water is better
➤ Do not use harsh chemical based cosmetic supplies
➤ For any acne or skin issues check with your dermatologist before it aggravates further, causing severe repercussions
Acne Care Routine Based On Skin Type
Whether you have an oily, dry, combination, normal or sensitive skin type, your skin care routine must combine well to nourish it. What works well on dry skin may not enrich oily skin as the entire composition of products and treatments change with your skin type, especially if you have acne prone skin. Here are some tips on skin care based on your skin type –
- Oily Skin –Oily skin has larger pores with a dull and shiny complexion. The production of excess oils is also regulated by climate conditions, hormones and genes. Do not wash oily skin more than twice a day, and avoid scrubs. Use only daily skin care routine for oily acne prone skin products as recommended by your dermatologist.
- Dry Skin– Dry skin comprises of minute pores, rough complexion and visible lines. The skin loses its elasticity and gets dull due to dryness. It can even crack, peel and inflame depending on climate conditions. Some tips for a skin care routine for dry skin include; reducing the time for a shower, avoiding scrubs, using only gentle cleansers, using a humidifier (only cool mist), and reducing exposure to too much heat or pollution.
- Normal Skin– Normal skin does not have any visible imperfections but being prone to acne can make it tricky to follow a skin care routine. Use only non-comedogenic products and follow a proper moisturizing and exfoliating routine regularly.
- Sensitive Skin – It is very important to prevent the triggers from causing any damage to your sensitive skin type. They can cause redness and itching in addition to inflammation. Use only dermatologist recommended products and keep your skin clean.
- Combination Skin– This kind of skin maybe the most challenging to deal with, as portions of your skin are oily while others are dry. You may also have more blackheads so be sure to get them removed before they aggravate further into more prominent acne.
When you have a genetic predisposition or health condition which makes your skin more prone to pimples, taking good care of the skin becomes imperative. Ignoring the signs can lead to the worsening of acne and even result in the formation of displeasing scars. Don’t forget to:
- Get educated about acne – Before you begin with the skin care routine it is very important to first understand the condition and all the details involved. There are different types of acne and each of those have some unique traits, so getting educated about the medical and aesthetic aspects will help you plan the course of your skin care. Also you must understand your skin type and affinity toward best skin care for pimples.
- Debunk all myths that are factually incorrect – For any skin care routine, dermatologists will first explain the facts regarding causes and treatments. The home based treatments and natural remedies must not be resorted to as they will only aggravate acne on your skin. Diet, bowel movements and hygiene related myths also do not have any scientific evidence so do not follow them blindly.
Night Skin Care Routine For Acne Free Skin
Dermatologist recommended tips for pimple free skin lays huge emphasis on a night skin care routine. As this is extremely important to prevent any infection or acne outbreak, some night time tips to follow, include –
- Remove all make up using non-comedogenic wipes
- Wash your face with a gentle face wash (non-acnegenic)
- Use adequate moisturizer suitable for your skin type
- Apply eye cream to prevent puffiness and dark circles
- Use a balm to nourish the skin on yourlips
- Use silk bed sheets and pillow covers as cotton can tug and pull your skin and hair
Frequently Asked Questions
- How Is Acne Formed?
Follicles or skin pores are ducts in the skin where a hair strand resides. These follicles comprise of sebaceous glands that produce sebum or natural oil which keeps the skin hydrated and safeguards it. These pores connect the surface of the skin to the sebaceous glands and along with sebum, dead skin cells are removed from these pores. When there is too much sebum production and dirt or grime deposits along the tract, this results in the clogging of the pores. It becomes a breeding ground for bacteria that proliferate and causes inflammation. This can even lead to the formation of white coloured pus at the tip of the pore that results in pimples or acne.
2. Do You Need To Moisturize Oily Skin For Pimple Free Face?
Yes, even if your skin is oily, you must apply suitable moisturizer to hydrate the skin effectively. Use oil free and non-comedogenic moisturizers only.
3. How Can I Stop My Skin From Breaking Out?
You can follow the best skin care routine for breakouts based on your skin type and visit an expert for any skin anomalies before they aggravate further.
4. Do I Really Need To Wear Sunscreen Every Day?
Yes, even if it’s a cloudy day or the rainy season you must stick with your sunscreen routine. As harmful UVA and UVB rays may penetrate despite the weather and damage your skin.
5. How Can I Fix An Uneven Skin Tone?
Uneven skin tone can be corrected by using certain dermatologist recommended treatments like chemical peels or an advanced USFDA approved procedure called laser toning. Both of these procedures have been tested for their effectiveness on most Indian skin types. Visit an expert for more.