A keloid scar is formed due to the overgrowth of the scar tissue in our body. It covers the wound by growing sideways and over it. If left untreated, keloid scar can be permanent and became an issue of concern for many. Though, with the help of a keloid scar treatment, one can get rid of the scar permanently. In this post, we will make you familiar with the best treatment for keloid scar and provide crucial details regarding keloid scar causes, keloid scar prevention, and more.
What Is A Keloid Scar?
A keloid scar is the overgrowth of the skin cells, which is caused by the abnormal healing of a wound and the extensive growth of the fibrous tissue. The scar tissue overdevelops to protect the wound and covers it. It ends up forming a smooth layer of skin over the wound, which is known as a keloid. It has been observed that keloid scar are most common in people with dark skin. In keloid tissues, collagen bundles of type I and type III are mostly found.
Though, it can develop anywhere on the body, a keloid scar on the chest, cheeks, shoulders, and earlobes are most common. With the right course of keloid scar removal treatment, one can get rid of these scars forever.
Also Read: Effective Treatments To Remove Old Scars
What Are The Causes & Symptoms Of Keloid Scar?
There could be numerous reasons for having a keloid scar. Before we focus on the best treatment for keloid scar, let’s take a quick look at keloid scar causes and symptoms.
Causes Of A Keloid Scar
You might already know that fibroblasts are responsible for the healing of wounds by producing the right amount of collagen. Though, in the case of keloid scar, the collagen produced by fibroblasts is almost 20 times more than the normal. Therefore, the overproduction of collagen after an injury is considered as its main cause.
Here are some other reasons for keloid scar –
- It is also caused by the involution of the skin. That is, the damaged skin tissue gradually subsides due to the covering formed by new skin cells.
- Piercing, vaccination, injury, acne, pimples, chicken pox scars, etc. are some other keloid scar causes.
- Surgical incisions and tattoos can also lead to keloids at times.
- Our genes can be another reason for keloid scar. It has been observed that 50% of people with a keloid have some other family member with the same issue.
- Also, people with dark pigmented skin (majorly individuals of Latin, South Asian, and African descendants) are more likely to get keloid scar.
Symptoms Of A Keloid Scar
- A wound healing in an abnormal manner
- Itchiness around the wound during its healing
- A localized scar area overgrowing with respect to the scar tissue
- Upraised skin or lump formation around the wound
- Change of scar tissue color to reddish or pink
Also Read: Best Treatments For Chicken Pox Scar Removal
What Do Keloid Scar Feel Like?
A keloid scar is mostly smoother and firmer than the rest of the skin. Too often, it has a little shine as well. While the keloid scar on chest, toes, ears, or any other body part is forming, you would feel itchy. Your skin would get sore as the keloid tissue develops. Once it reaches its maximum growth, it stabilizes. The pain usually subsides, but people go for keloid scar removal due to cosmetic reasons mostly.
Sometimes, a skin tumor or bacterial infection can be disguised as a keloid scar as well. Therefore, you should get it checked by a doctor for an ideal keloid scar treatment.
How To Remove Keloid Scars?
If you have already developed a keloid, then it could be too late for keloid scar prevention. In this case, you need to look for a proper removal treatment. With the advancement in the technology, it has become easier than ever to get rid of keloid scar permanently.
Here are the some treatments to remove keloid scar that you can go for –
1. Laser Keloid Scar Removal
It is often considered as the best treatment for keloid scar and other kinds of scarring on the skin due to its non-aggressive approach. A pulsed-dye laser or carbon dioxide laser is the preferred approach. It damages the scar tissue and reduces the overall size of the keloid. Mostly, laser treatment is combined with steroid injections. Firstly, the laser shrinks the scar which is later diminished by injecting intralesional steroids.
While the laser treatment would cost around Rs.10,000 – Rs.12,000, you can get steroid injections for a lesser amount.
Also Read: Fractional Laser Treatment For Acne Scars
2. Steroid Injections
Telangiectasias or triamcinolone steroid injections are also considered quite effective for keloid scar removal. If the scar size is prominent, then steroids can shrink it drastically. The keloid scar steroid injection before and after results are easily distinguished as well. After the injection, an impregnated tape is applied for 10-12 hours. Injections are given for a month or two at regular intervals for an ideal keloid scar treatment.
3. Silicone Gel Dressing
If you are not satisfied with the keloid scar steroid injection before and after results, then you can further go for a silicone dressing treatment. A silicone gel or sheet is applied after the excision of the overgrowth. Afterward, pressure is applied to normalize the skin growth. The cost for this is quite affordable, and it is mostly combined with other aggressive treatments.
In this, extremely cold materials are applied to the scar tissues that shrink them radically. It is mostly recommended to treat the developing keloid scar at an early stage.
5. Surgical Excision
If you want to get an immediate removal of keloid scar, then you can go for a more aggressive approach. In this, the scar is removed surgically. It is followed by minute suturing to make the scar tissue less visible.
Also Read: 5 Types Of Scars And Their Treatments
6. Other Treatments
Besides these, there are several other treatments that can get rid of keloid scar on chest, shoulder, earlobes, and other body parts. The intralesional interferon, radiotherapy, and 5-fluorouracil are some new-age treatments that can be combined with steroid injections. Some other treatments involve the use of Retinoids, Bleomycin, and Tamoxifen.
The overall keloid scar removal cost would majorly depend on the course of treatment you have opted for.
How Much Does Keloid Scar Removal Cost in India?
The keloid removal cost in India can range between Rs. 1700 to Rs. 2200 per session, but total cost may be subjective. Factors like the type of treatment, experience of dermatologist, kind of scar, size of scar, type of skin and underlying health conditions play a very important role in determining the final cost of the treatment
How To Prevent Keloid Scar?
If you had keloid scar in the past, then you should not get your skin pierced or tattooed. Avoid unwanted cuts, injections or cosmetic surgeries as they might lead to the development of a keloid scar. Sometimes, a small pimple can end up developing a keloid as well. You should let it dry naturally and moderate its healing process. If you have any other surgery, then inform your doctor about your keloid scar tendency beforehand.
In most of the cases, a keloid scar might take a few weeks (or even a month) to develop entirely. Therefore, once the skin tissue starts overgrowing the original wound, you should be concerned and see a dermatologist immediately. After all, prevention is better than cure. Make sure that you don’t take any abnormal skin growth lightly and get it treated before it develops into a keloid.
Also Read: Surprising Myths And Facts About Acne Scars
Now that you know about the various options for keloid scar treatment and the keloid scar removal cost, you can easily make up your mind. You visit the nearest branch of Oliva Skin & Hair Clinic to get the best treatment for keloid scar. With FDA approved equipment and a team of certified experts, it is an ideal place to get your keloid scar removed.