Acne or pimple is a never a welcome addition to the skin, be it on the face or any other part of the body. Understanding it thoroughly has become essential in the current scenario as the market is flooded with unproved information and acne treatment products with tall claims. Read this article to know how to get rid of acne in safe and effective way.
What Are The Main Causes Of Acne?
The increased production of sebum, accumulation of dead skin cells, and being prone to bacterial infection can be due to any underlying cause given below –
- Fluctuations in hormone levels
- Side effects of drugs and medication
- Genetic reason
- Excessive stress
- Improper diet
- Bad choice of cosmetics
Other causes that aggravates this condition are:
- Oily skin type
- Not removing make up properly
- Environmental causes
- Touching your face frequently or popping pimples
- Clogged pores
What Are The Different Types Of Acne?
The common types of pimples are:
- Whiteheads – They look like white spots or bumps with the openings being closed. They can appear on any part of the face but are commonly seen around the nose and on the chin, cheeks, and forehead.
- Blackheads – When the whiteheads form an opening, the surface of the pore becomes black due to atmospheric oxidization forming black bumps on the skin. Blackheads are most commonly seen on the nose and around it.
- Papules – Inflamed pimples with associated redness and are sensitive to touch. Pimples on the forehead, on the cheeks, nose, and chin are seen in the form of papules.
- Pustules – Infected papules become filled with pus (white or yellow in color) to form pustules. Commonly affected areas include forehead, scalp, chin, cheeks, etc.
- Nodules – When the infected pimples go deeper into the skin, a nodule is formed.
- Cysts – As the nodules set even further into the skin, they reach the deeper layers and become cysts. Cystic acne is painful to touch and have pronounced redness around them. They signify a severe level of infection of the hair follicle.
How To Get Rid Of Acne As Quickly As Possible?
Conventional acne treatments are quite useful in reducing acne, but most of these treatments don’t provide an instant solution. Skincare products like creams, lotions and spot treatments may still take more time to give you results. There is a lot of information available on the efficacy of home remedies in curing acne. But such claims lack medical evidence. So what can you do to get rid of pimples? Here are the steps you need to follow:
- Consult a dermatologist to seek proper medical treatment for acne
- Reduce scars and imprefections
- Follow a holistic skincare regimen for acne to prevent future outbreak
How To Get Rid Of Acne Overnight?
Pimples are a nuisance, and many people prefer using home remedies for pimple removal. Some of these remedies even claim to remove pimples overnight. This is far from the truth, and there is no scientific evidence to support these claims. On the other hand, professional treatments that are recommended and administered by dermatologists along with the prescribed medications are supported by strong scientific evidence. It is best to opt for something that has been proved to work!
Must Read: How To Get Rid Of Pimples Instantly?
How To Clear Acne Fast?
Here are recomended way to deal acne quickly:
- Medical Diagnosis – A dermatologist can help you to identify the root cause of your pimples by thoroughly analyzing your skin, your medical history, and your lifestyle and eating habits. A precise identification can help to devise an apt treatment plan that will give the best results. Doctors can prescribe you with oral and topical medications depending on how severe your pimples are.
- Antibiotics For Acne – Antibiotics primarily work by killing the bacteria that has infected the hair follicles and made the pimples severe. While topical formulations are also used, generally an internal course of antibiotics is suggested by dermatologists to combat the pimple infection better. Some examples of prescribed antibiotics for pimples are tetracycline, erythromycin, and trimethoprim.
- Isotretinoin – When the pimples start to set deeper into the skin in the form of pustules or progress into nodules/cysts, a course of isotretinoin works well in most people to reduce the intensity of the pimples and eventually, stop them from popping up. It works on multiple levels to treat pimples – reduces the size of the oil glands, reduces oil production, prevents cells from dividing rapidly in the follicles and clogging them, and alleviates the inflammation. The dose and course of isotretinoin intake varies from person to person. This medicine should only be taken under the supervision of a dermatologist.
- Oral Contraceptives – Oral contraceptive pills act as hormone regulators, and this property can be utilized to regulate the hormonal imbalance seen in pimple-affected women. Females who suffer from acne can consult their dermatologists and see if a course of these pills can help to treat the pimples in their case.
- Light Therapy – Blackheads, whiteheads, and some moderate pimples can be treated by exposure to different wavelengths of visible light.
- Microdermabrasion – Another type of exfoliating treatment, a diamond-tip device is used to remove the top layers of skin and unclog pimples.
- Chemical Peels – These work by exfoliating the skin to remove the dead skin cells and unclogging pores. They can also help to normalize the natural oil production by the sebaceous glands.
- Topical Acne Control Agents – Consult a dermatologist for the best over-the-counter cream that will clear your pimples. Here are the frequently used creams –
1. Benzoyl Peroxide -It works as an antibiotic and kills the pimple-causing bacteria. It also helps to bring down the excess oil production.
2. Salicylic Acid – It exfoliates the skin and removes the dead skin cells, thus preventing clogging of pores by them.
3. Sulfur – A cream containing this reduces the oil levels and helps in easy removal of dead skin cells.
4. Retin-A – This is a type of retinoid that is used to treat and reduce pimples. It also promotes the healing process after the pimple has disappeared.
5. Azelaic Acid – This is used to reduce the inflammation and redness seen with moderate and severe pimples.
Must Read: How To Stop Acne Breakout On Face?
How To Get Rid Of Spots, Scars Or Marks?
An acne breakout may leave a permanent scar on the skin. Different acne scars are:
- Rolling scars
- Box scars
- Ice-pick scars (deep pits which appear like large open pores)
How To Prevent And Stop Acne Outbreaks?
While taking any treatment, the dermatologists suggest some skin care tips to improve the healing process and to prevent pimples.
- Wash Your Face Twice A Day – A clean face will prevent the dirt and pollutants from clogging your pores. Washing with a cleanser also removes excess oil.
- Use A Non-Comedogenic Moisturizer – Such a moisturizer is specially formulated to not enter the pores and block them.
- Avoid Popping Pimples – This can lead to permanent scarring which is even more difficult to get rid of than just the pimples.
- Use Exfoliating Treatments – Use treatments such as chemical peels to help the skin in its renewal process and prevent pore blockage by accumulated dead skin cells.
- Avoid Overloading Your Skin With Products – Anything in excess is not good for your skin. A simple skin care routine that includes a suitable cleanser, toner, and moisturizer is all you need.
- Protect Your Skin From The Sun – Do not forget to include a good sunscreen in your skin care regimen to protect the skin from sun damage.
- Eat Well – A healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables can go a long way in maintaining a flawless skin.
- Drink Plenty Of Water – Water helps to remove toxins and keeps the skin hydrated. This can prevent the oil glands from over-producing sebum.
- Exercise – De-stressing and improving blood circulation are excellent effects of exercising that your pimple-prone skin can benefit from.
- Sleep Well – It is while you sleep that your skin renews and rejuvenates itself. Sleep 6-8 hours in a day for glowing, blemish-free skin.
- Avoid Smoking – Smoking can constrict blood vessels and impair the delivery of nutrients to the skin. Thus, it interrupts the normal cell cycle and can aggravate acne.
- Avoid Alcohol – Alcohol has similar effects to smoking and can impact your skin’s health negatively.
Must Read: How To Prevent And Eliminate Pimples?
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For more information, visit your nearest dermatologist today.