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Skin Inflammation – Meaning, Causes And Treatment

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    Skin inflammation is one of the biggest problems that affect a majority of us in multiple ways. Inflammation is the body’s reaction to fight disease, but what happens, when it refuses to return to its normal state? Many people around the world endure skin inflammation without realising what it is. We’re here to help you understand skin inflammation and how to identify and treat it.

    What Is Skin Inflammation?

    Inflammation protects us from invading biological elements such as bacteria, viruses and even disease and injury. Skin inflammation is similar to when the skin comes in contact with an unwanted irritant, it causes the skin to defend itself. At times this defence mechanism fails to stop its function which leads to extra inflammation manifesting skin diseases such as acne, rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, redness, itching, swelling etc.

    Also Read: What Is Seborrheic Dermatitis?

    How Inflammation On The Inside Affects Beauty On The Outside?

    When inflammation refuses to leave your skin, it can greatly affect your beauty. There are times when internal inflammation has a drastic result on the outside surface, affecting your aesthetic. Internal inflammation takes a heavy toll on the skin in various ways including acne breakouts and rosacea.

    Internal inflammation is caused mainly by an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise and high-stress levels. A poor diet which is high in saturated fat, sugar, fried food and refined carbohydrates will aggravate internal inflammation and with its effects being shown on your skin.

    Stress and exercise go hand in hand when it comes to increasing and decreasing inflammation. When cortisol (hormone related to stress) levels elevate, the best way to reduce it is by exercising. Exercise release endorphins, an anti-inflammatory hormone that reduces cortisol. Maintaining a proper sleep schedule can help by increasing endorphins (hormones that counter the effects of stress) and decrease cortisol levels as well.

    By reducing internal inflammation, you can greatly improve the quality and clarity of your skin. Skin diseases will naturally reduce and stop by taking preventive measures to reduce inflammation.

    Also Read: Common Skin Diseases, Causes & Treatments?

    Who Is Affected?

    Skin Inflammation can affect anyone. It is not age-based or gender-based. Newborn babies can suffer from skin inflammation as can adults.

    Common Causes Of Skin Inflammation

    There is no definitive cause for skin inflammation and it can occur due to both internal and external factors. These aggravate the skin which prompts a natural response to fight against invading bacteria, but tends to leave behind collateral damage.

    • Sun exposure
    • Pore clogging products and makeup
    • Stress
    • Hormonal imbalance
    • Lack of sleep
    • Unhealthy diet
    • Dirt, dust, and pollution

    Skin Inflammation Symptoms

    1. Redness
    2. Warm to touch
    3. Round patches of red, dry skin
    4. Acne or pimples that are large and red in colour
    5. Premature signs of ageing; fine lines and wrinkles at an early age

    Also Read: Anti Aging Treatment For Aging Skin

    Type of Skin Inflammation

    There are two types of skin inflammation; Acute and Chronic

    Acute Inflammation starts quickly and accelerates in short period of time. Symptoms of acute inflammation last for few days or weeks and include itching, swelling, redness, rash.

    Chronic Inflammation lasts for a long time ranging from a few months to several years and can include eczema, rosacea, psoriasis, and seborrheic dermatitis.

    Is Skin Inflammation Painful?

    Yes, though it can vary from person to person. Skin inflammation has many varieties ranging from acne to rosacea and eczema. Some symptoms of skin disease can be very painful. Severe acne can cause nodules and cysts which are painful to touch. Eczema can create tautness which can make it difficult to flex facial muscles.

    Chronic skin inflammation must be treated immediately before it begins to cause pain and create an uncomfortable situation for the pati


    How Can Skin Inflammation Be Reduced?

    There are plenty of ways to control and reduce skin inflammation. Please allow a dermatologist to carefully identify and diagnose this skin issue and avoid self-diagnosis and treatment.

    Skin Inflammation Treatment Includes:

    1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)– It is a pain-killer for inflammatory conditions. NSAIDs include aspirin, naproxen, and ibuprofen.
    2. Corticosteroids– A class of steroid that reduces inflammation instantly. There are two types of corticosteroids; Glucocorticoids and Glucocorticoids are prescribed if you are suffering from dermatitis, allergy, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis and rosacea. Mineralocorticoids are prescribed for cerebral salt wasting. They are also used to replace hormones for patients suffering from adrenal insufficiency.
    3. Buy skin care products that are dermatologically tested. Make sure the labels contain the words “Sensitive” and “Hypoallergenic”. Avoid using products that contain harsh chemicals such as sulphates, silicones, ammonia and mineral oil.
    4. Take preventive measures to find the underlying cause of your skin inflammation. Avoid the intake of alcohol and spicy foods as these can aggravate the inflammation. Wear appropriate clothes that are suitable for the climate and don’t scratch the inflamed skin at any cost.

    What Diseases Are Associated With Inflammation?

    Inflammation mainly causes severe damages to joints and other musculoskeletal issues. It can also lead to skin diseases such as rosacea, acne, dermatitis, and eczema.

    Diseases Related To Acute Inflammation Include:

    • Infected ingrown toenails
    • A sore throat from flu, cough or cold
    • Acute bronchitis
    • Dermatitis
    • Acute appendicitis
    • Tonsillitis
    • Sinusitis

    Diseases Related To Chronic Inflammation Include:

    • Chronic peptic ulcer
    • Active Hepatitis
    • Asthma
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Tuberculosis
    • Periodontitis
    • Ulcerative colitis
    • Crohn’s disease

    Skin inflammation starts small and if left untreated can lead to a larger issue. Since there are many types of skin inflammation, it is important to treat it with expert medical care. Visit your local dermatologist if you are experiencing sudden bouts of inflammation on your skin.

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    About The Author

    Kushneet Kukreja

    Kushneet Kukreja

    A postgraduate in Biotechnology from Kingston University and an ISSA Certified Specialist in Fitness & Nutrition, Kushneet Kukreja is a passionate writer who works in close association with the dermatologists at our head office to generate valuable and scientifically accurate content for our blog.

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